Type 2 Diabetes: Definition, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

What Are The Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Medications That Are Often Used?

Type 2 diabetes is a condition that cannot be cured, but can be controlled. Once you are diagnosed, you can learn what you have to do to stay healthy. It only requires a few changes and a commitment to living a healthier lifestyle. Here are some things you can do to treat your diabetes condition:

1. Healthy Diet

Although diabetics have high blood glucose, it does not mean that fasting (with the aim of reducing glucose intake) will solve the problem. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, you will need to go through a therapy that will help control your glucose level. Dietitians can help you in composing a diet. If you want to undergo fasting, you must consult with this doctor first.

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2. Sports

You should exercise regularly (3-4 times a week for approximately 30 minutes) and live actively because by moving can control blood sugar levels. In addition, you should also take care of your feet especially if you feel numb, tingling, numbness, and there are wounds, and check your eyes regularly to prevent future complications.

3. Blood Sugar Control and Insulin Therapy

Your doctor will review your condition and determine which medication or therapy is right for you. Your doctor may give one type of medication or give a combination of drugs. Consult with your doctor what side effects the drug has and what to do if side effects appear. One of the most common side effects of drugs is weakness due to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). For first aid, drink warm sweet tea then see a doctor immediately.

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What Are The Usual Tests to Diagnose Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes can be diagnosed by blood tests as follows:

  • Fasting glucose test
  • Random glucose test
  • Oral glucose test
  • Hemoglobin A1c test

If you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you should go to a doctor every 3 months, so you can:

  • Check the skin and bones on the soles of the feet and feet.
  • Check if your feet are numb.
  • Complete the A1C test (every 6 months if your diabetes is well controlled)
  • Check your blood pressure.
  • Check the back of your eyes using a special light device.

These tests and examinations will help you and your doctor monitor diabetes and prevent problems caused by diabetes. In addition, you should do the following checks once a year:

  • Check cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
  • Take a test once a year to make sure your kidneys are working properly (microalbumin and serum creatinine).
  • Go to the dentist every 6 months for cleaning and overall examination. Make sure your dentist and your health professional know that you have diabetes.
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