Type 2 Diabetes: Definition, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes


Type 2 diabetes is a condition of Diabetes mellitus, this is also often referred to as diabetes. There are 3 types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a long-standing (chronic) disease condition. In type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce enough insulin or cannot use insulin properly, a special hormone produced by beta cells in the pancreas.

Insulin is very important because it controls the amount of sugar (glucose) that body cells get from the blood. People who have diabetes have high blood sugar levels, but not enough for body cells. This condition causes severe complications in the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, nervous system, gums and teeth.

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How Common Is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. As many as 95% of diabetes cases are type 2 diabetes mellitus. In general, diabetes can attack all people of all ages, including children. However, type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults and elderly. In addition, people who are obese and rarely move have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Signs & Symptoms

What Are The Signs And Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a condition that has significant symptoms. Those who have type 2 diabetes mellitus often do not experience any symptoms at an early stage. They can even be unaware of the symptoms for several years.

  • Hunger increases
  • Thirst increases
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • Slow recovery or frequent infections
  • Blurry view
  • Tired
  • Pain or numbness in the feet and hands
  • Tingling
  • Itchy
  • Itching in the genitals (women)
  • Erectile dysfunction (male)
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There are several possible signs and symptoms not mentioned above. If you have further questions about symptoms, please contact your doctor.

When Should I See a Doctor?

If you have signs or symptoms from the above or have questions, please contact your doctor. Everyone’s body reacts differently. Discuss with your doctor to determine what is best for your situation.