Type 1 Diabetes : Definition, Causes, and Treatment

What Are The Treatments for Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a condition that can appear quickly and symptoms can become severe. People who have just been diagnosed with this disease may need to be hospitalized immediately.

Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes:

  • Insulin
    There are currently no medications that can cure type 1 diabetes, so insulin is one of the best ways to control your blood sugar. You can inject insulin at home around 2-3 times a day.
  • Healthy diet
    A healthy diet can help control your glucose level. You can ask for help from a nutritionist to guide you on this diet.
  • Sports
    Be diligent in exercising to help control your blood sugar. You also have to take care of your feet and check your eyes regularly to prevent further complications.
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What Are The Usual Tests to Diagnose Type 1 Diabetes?

Diabetes is usually diagnosed with a blood test below:

  • Test blood glucose levels during fasting
  • Test random blood glucose levels (without fasting) or when
  • Oral glucose tolerance test
  • Hemoglobin A1c Test (HbA1C)

If you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you should see your doctor every three months, so you can:

  • Check your skin and bones on your feet and you
  • Check if your back feels stiff (a nerve attack diabetes)
  • Your blood pressure check it
  • Check the back of your eyes using special light
  • Perform an HbA1C test (every 6 months if your diabetes is well controlled)
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This test can help you and your doctor to control diabetes and prevent other problems caused by diabetes. In addition, you must undergo a test once a year:

  • Check cholesterol and triglyceride levels
  • Take the test once a year to ensure that your kidneys are working properly (microalbuminuria and serum creatinine)
  • Meet a dentist every 6 months to check all your teeth. Make sure your dentist knows you have diabetes

Treatment at Home

What Should be Done If You Have Type 1 Diabetes?

The following are lifestyle changes and home remedies that can help you deal with type 1 diabetes:

  • Live a diet that has been arranged for you and eat snacks at the same time every day
  • Adequate exercise and sleep
  • Check your blood sugar level if you are sick. Call your doctor if you have a fever, nausea, or vomiting and continue to discharge
  • Contact your doctor if your blood sugar is too high
  • Go to the hospital immediately if you experience sudden seizures, can not wake up, or lose consciousness
  • Follow your doctor’s rules as carefully as possible regarding insulin use
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Complications of Type 1 Diabetes