Type 1 Diabetes : Definition, Causes, and Treatment

What Are The Treatments for Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a condition that can appear quickly and symptoms can become severe. People who have just been diagnosed with this disease may need to be hospitalized immediately.

Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes:

  • Insulin
    There are currently no medications that can cure type 1 diabetes, so insulin is one of the best ways to control your blood sugar. You can inject insulin at home around 2-3 times a day.
  • Healthy diet
    A healthy diet can help control your glucose level. You can ask for help from a nutritionist to guide you on this diet.
  • Sports
    Be diligent in exercising to help control your blood sugar. You also have to take care of your feet and check your eyes regularly to prevent further complications.
RELATED POST  Hyperglycemia: Definition, Symptoms, Treatment

What Are The Usual Tests to Diagnose Type 1 Diabetes?

Diabetes is usually diagnosed with a blood test below:

  • Test blood glucose levels during fasting
  • Test random blood glucose levels (without fasting) or when
  • Oral glucose tolerance test
  • Hemoglobin A1c Test (HbA1C)

If you are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you should see your doctor every three months, so you can:

  • Check your skin and bones on your feet and you
  • Check if your back feels stiff (a nerve attack diabetes)
  • Your blood pressure check it
  • Check the back of your eyes using special light
  • Perform an HbA1C test (every 6 months if your diabetes is well controlled)
RELATED POST  Diabetes: Definition, Symptoms, And Types

This test can help you and your doctor to control diabetes and prevent other problems caused by diabetes. In addition, you must undergo a test once a year:

  • Check cholesterol and triglyceride levels
  • Take the test once a year to ensure that your kidneys are working properly (microalbuminuria and serum creatinine)
  • Meet a dentist every 6 months to check all your teeth. Make sure your dentist knows you have diabetes

Treatment at Home

What Should be Done If You Have Type 1 Diabetes?

The following are lifestyle changes and home remedies that can help you deal with type 1 diabetes:

  • Live a diet that has been arranged for you and eat snacks at the same time every day
  • Adequate exercise and sleep
  • Check your blood sugar level if you are sick. Call your doctor if you have a fever, nausea, or vomiting and continue to discharge
  • Contact your doctor if your blood sugar is too high
  • Go to the hospital immediately if you experience sudden seizures, can not wake up, or lose consciousness
  • Follow your doctor’s rules as carefully as possible regarding insulin use
RELATED POST  Acid Reflux: Remedies, Symptoms, and Treatment

Complications of Type 1 Diabetes