Type 1 Diabetes : Definition, Causes, and Treatment

Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes


Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood becomes high. Diabetes consists of two types: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is a long-term (chronic) disease.

In people with type 1 diabetes, the body is unable to produce enough insulin, a hormone produced by beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin is very important in controlling the amount of sugar (glucose) obtained by body cells from the blood.

Diabetics have lots of sugar in the blood, but not much sugar can be absorbed by the body’s cells. This condition causes severe complications in other organs such as the liver, eyes, kidneys, nervous system, gums, and teeth.

How Common Is Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is more common for men than women, especially someone with pancreatic problems or someone who has a family member who also had type 1 diabetes. Often starting at age 4 up to 7 years and 10 to 14 years.

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Signs & Symptoms

What Are The Signs And Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a condition whose symptoms are sudden and usually consist of:

  • Blurred view
  • Increased frequency of urination
  • More thirsty and hungry
  • It’s easier to get infected
  • Fatigue that attacks every time
  • Long-healed wounds
  • Often feeling stiff or tingling on your feet
  • Decreasing body weight

There are many other symptoms not mentioned above. If you begin to feel these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.

When Should I See a Doctor?

If you begin to feel the symptoms mentioned above or have further questions about type 1 diabetes, consult your doctor immediately. Everyone’s body is different. Discuss with your doctor to find the best solution for your body and health condition.


What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a condition caused by the pancreas that does not produce enough insulin. The result is that glucose cannot enter the cell to help the body absorb energy so that the level of glucose in the blood becomes high, causing hyperglycemia.

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In general, the defense and the immune system of people with diabetes will destroy beta cells in the pancreas, but the reason is not widely known. Another cause is the occurrence of other diseases such as cystic fibrosis that affect the pancreas, surgical removal, and severe inflammation of the pancreas.

Risk Factors

What increases my risk of developing type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a condition that has a trigger factor, including:

  • Family History Factor.

A person who has a parent or sibling who has type 1 diabetes has a higher risk of developing type 1 diabetes

  • Heredity Factor

The presence of certain genes increases the risk of developing type 1 diabetes

  • Geography Factors

The possibility of contracting type 1 diabetes increases when you stay away from the equator. People living in Finland and Sardinia have the most type 1 diabetes, about two or three times higher than the average in the United States and 400 times more than people living in Venezuela.

  • Age
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Although type 1 diabetes can occur at all ages, this disease is usually detected from a certain age. The first is in children aged 4-7 years, then in children aged 10-14 years.

Many factors trigger type 1 diabetes that has been studied, although none can be proven. Some other trigger factors include:

  1. Certain viruses such as the Epstein virus-Barr, coxsackie virus, mumps and cytomegalovirus
  2. Drink cow’s milk at an early age
  3. Lack of vitamin D
  4. Drinking water which contains sodium nitrate
  5. Introduction of cereal foods and gluten that is too fast (before 4 months) or too slow (after 7 months)
  6. Having mothers who experience preeclampsia while pregnant
  7. People who have jaundice at birth

Medication & Treatment