Swollen Lymph Nodes: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

What Increases My Risk of Swollen Lymph Nodes?

There are many risk factors for swollen lymph nodes. Among them are:

  • Aged over 65 years.
  • Have HIV / AIDS.
  • Alcoholism.
  • Have diabetes.
  • Mutual sexual partners.
  • Have an autoimmune disease.

Diagnosis & Treatment

How to Diagnose Swollen Lymph Nodes?

Only doctors and medical personnel can provide a diagnosis of lymph node swelling. To diagnose the cause of this condition, the doctor will need:

  • Medical record or patient’s medical history.
  • Physical examination.
  • Blood test.
  • Scan X-rays on the chest or CT scan.
  • Lymph node biopsy.

How to Treat Swollen Lymph Nodes?

In some cases, swollen lymph nodes can heal on their own, without medication from a doctor. This is if the cause of the disease is quite mild, such as influenza or food poisoning.

However, if your condition is serious enough and caused by a severe illness, you will need medical help. However, some causes have not been found so you can only control so that the symptoms are not worse. For example in cases of lymph cancer, Hodgkin’s lymphoma and lymphoma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

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For more details, see several treatment options for the following swollen lymph nodes.

Antibiotic or antiviral treatment: These are the most common treatments for swelling caused by bacterial infections.

Antibiotics will help stop breeding and bacterial infections in your body. Whereas if the cause of swollen lymph nodes is a virus, you will be given medicines that can relieve symptoms that arise. For the best treatment results, follow the advice of doctors and pharmacists.

Overcoming causes: Sometimes, swelling is a result of poor health conditions, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis caused by autoimmune diseases. Treating these conditions can effectively cure swollen lymph nodes.

Cancer treatment: This treatment is given to swollen lymph nodes caused by cancer. This type of cancer will determine treatments that can include surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

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Treatment at Home

What Can I Do to Deal With Swollen Lymph Nodes?

Here are lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with swollen lymph nodes:

  • Use painkillers such as ibuprofen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Avoid aspirin in children because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.
  • Warm compresses on swollen areas with warm and wet cloth.
  • Enough rest.
  • Gargle salt water. If glandular swelling occurs in the area of ​​the neck, ears, jaw, or head, you can rinse with salt dissolved in warm water. Gargle for about ten to twenty seconds. Then defecate. Repeat three to five times a day.

If you ignore or do not treat swollen lymph nodes, you can experience a variety of dangerous complications. These include the appearance of festering wounds due to infection and sepsis or blood poisoning. Be careful, sepsis can cause death.

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You can prevent swollen lymph nodes by avoiding infection. This can be done by living a healthy lifestyle, eating with balanced nutrition, exercising regularly, managing stress, stopping smoking, and getting enough rest.

You should also avoid the risk factors for swollen lymph nodes by not changing sexual partners and not sharing eating utensils with people who are infected with a virus or bacteria.

To prevent lymph cancer and other types of cancer, pay attention to the history of cancer in your family and immediately do early detection if you feel the symptoms of cancer.