Swollen Lymph Nodes: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

What Causes Swollen Lymph Nodes?

Swollen lymph nodes can be caused by various things. Ranging from mild infections to chronic diseases such as lymph cancer. The following are things that can trigger or aggravate your condition.

1. Ear Infections

Notice which part of the gland is swollen. Usually, swollen lymph nodes in the head and neck area indicate an ear infection.

Own ear infections can be caused by allergies or infections in the upper respiratory tract. Children get ear infections more often than adults. However, this type of infection can indeed attack anyone.

2. Viral Infections

There are many types of viruses that can attack the body and cause swollen lymph nodes. Usually the location of swollen lymph nodes will determine where the viral infection occurs.

Here are the types of viruses that can cause swollen lymph glands.

  • Varicella-zoster, the virus that causes chickenpox and shingles.
  • Rubeola, which is a virus that causes measles.
  • HIV, which is an infectious virus that causes AIDS.
  • Herpes simplex, the virus that causes oral herpes, genital herpes, and herpes encephalitis.
  • Flu, which is a virus that causes influenza.

3. Bacterial Infections

Some types of bacteria that enter your body can cause infection. Certain bacterial infections can cause symptoms, namely swollen lymph nodes. Here is a list of the bacteria.

  • Streptococcus or strep, which is a bacterium that causes sore throat or swollen tonsils.
  • Staphylococcus or staph, the bacteria that causes food poisoning, toxic shock syndrome (TSS), or mastitis.
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB or tuberculosis).
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4. HIV / AIDS Infection

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that causes AIDS. This virus sometimes does not show any symptoms to the sufferer, so you can be diagnosed too late. In fact, being late in detecting this disease can be fatal.

Therefore, if you experience swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin accompanied by other symptoms such as weakness, muscle aches, and headaches, see a doctor immediately.

5. Dental Infections

Infection in the area of ​​the gums and teeth can show symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes. Dental infection is usually caused by a dental abscess, which is the buildup of pus due to bacteria.

6. Mononucleosis

Swollen lymph glands in the neck and armpits can signify mononucleosis, a disease caused by a virus. This virus that is transmitted through saliva makes the sufferer sore throat, fever, weakness, itching, jaundice, nosebleeds, to shortness of breath.

7. Skin Infections

Various types of skin diseases can also make your lymph glands swell. Especially if you experience other symptoms such as a rash, the skin becomes reddish, feels sore or hot, and itching. Here are some types of skin diseases that may be characterized by swollen lymph glands.

  • Eczema, especially in infants and children.
  • Contact dermatitis.
  • Skin abscess (purulent skin) due to bacterial infection.
  • Head lice that nest in the scalp.
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8. Strep Throat

Sore throat is a fairly common type of disease. The causes can vary. For example, from viral infections, bacterial infections, allergies, irritation of the throat, swelling of the tonsils, or certain injuries to the neck and throat.

These conditions cause inflammation. This can be seen from swollen lymph glands in the neck or jaw area.

9. Immune System Disorders

Disorders of your immune system can make you weaker and vulnerable to disease. The reason is, the system that has the duty to defend itself from the threat of disease has been weakened or disturbed.

Well, usually immune system disorders often attack people who have autoimmune diseases. For example rheumatism (rheumatoid arthritis) and lupus. Symptoms include the formation of lymph nodes and weakness.

10. Cancer

Be careful, do not underestimate disorders such as swelling in your lymph nodes. This condition can be the beginning of cancer.

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For example in your body there are cancer cells that are nested. Then these cancer cells move through the lymph vessels. This displacement then makes your lymph nodes enlarged.

After moving and spreading to other parts of the body, cancer cells can settle and grow to attack cells in the body.

Some types of cancer that show symptoms of lymph node swelling include skin cancer, breast cancer, leukemia, lung cancer, stomach cancer, lymphoma of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma lymphoma cancer.

Lymph cancer and other types of cancer can still be controlled at an early stage. Therefore, it is important for you to detect lymph cancer or other cancers as early as possible.

11. Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Some types of sexually transmitted diseases can cause symptoms of swollen lymph nodes. Among them are syphilis (king of lions), gonorrhea, and chlamydia. Especially if the swollen glands are in the groin area.

Risk Factors