Swollen Lymph Nodes: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Swollen Lymph Nodes
Swollen Lymph Nodes

Definition


What is Swollen Lymph Nodes?

Swollen lymph nodes is a condition that occurs when there is swollen in a lump of small, round tissue scattered throughout your body, called the lymph nodes.

The gland which is also known as lymph gland is responsible for filtering lymph fluid (lymph) circulating throughout the body through lymph vessels. Therefore, the way the lymph nodes work is like blood flowing in our body through blood vessels.

There are about 600 lymph nodes scattered in your body. However, the number of glands that can be felt or touched under the skin with bare hands is only a few. Among them are located in the following areas.

  • At the bottom of the jaw.
  • Behind the auricle.
  • In the armpit (under the upper arm).
  • One side of the neck.
  • One of the groin.
  • Above the collarbone.

The size of the lymph nodes varies. Starting from as small as the tip of the needle to the size of one ripe red bean.

This gland is part of the immune system (immune system), especially the lymphatic system. The reason is, this gland contains white blood cells and antibodies. This means that the lymph nodes play a major role in fighting infection and disease.

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When your body has an infection or disease, the body will produce more immune cells. This increase in the number of immune cells in the lymph glands is what causes enlargement or swelling. Therefore, swollen lymph nodes or lymph nodes must indicate infection or disease.

How Common is Swollen Lymph Nodes?

Swollen lymph nodes are quite common. This condition can occur in people of any age. However, women are more susceptible to problems with swollen lymph nodes.

Usually the swollen gland will shrink itself after infection or a disease that causes swelling to be treated. This healing can take about a week after the infection has healed.

Although swollen lymph nodes are a fairly common case, this does not mean that this condition is not dangerous at all. In some cases, swollen lymph nodes may indicate lymphatic cancer of Hodgkin’s lymphoma and lymphoma of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

So, you still have to check with your doctor or clinic to get the best diagnosis and treatment.

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Swollen lymph nodes can be treated by reducing risk factors. Discuss with your doctor for more information.

Signs & Symptoms


What are The Signs And Symptoms of Swollen Lymph Nodes?

When the lymph nodes begin to swell, usually the initial symptoms that you can feel are:

  • Pain when pressing swollen glands.
  • Swollen gland areas become more sensitive, for example in your neck area it feels uncomfortable when moved.
  • The swollen glands are very large, usually as large as peas or more than that.

After you feel the initial symptoms of swollen lymph nodes, you may feel a series of other symptoms. Subsequent symptoms usually depend on the disease or infection that causes swelling itself.

However, the common symptoms of swollen lymph nodes are:

  • Cough
  • Limp body
  • Cold
  • Shivering and sweating, especially at night
  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • The skin is red, warm and swollen

There may still be signs and symptoms that are not mentioned above. If you have concerns about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.

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When Should I See a Doctor?

You should contact your doctor immediately if you experience the following symptoms:

  • Swollen glands that do not go away, even spread everywhere for two to four weeks.
  • Swollen glands feel supple or supple.
  • Fever that doesn’t go away.
  • Keep sweating at night.
  • Body weight decreases when not on a diet.
  • Sore throat that doesn’t heal.
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing.
  • The gland that feels very hard and continues to grow rapidly, this can be a tumor or lymph cancer.

If you have the signs or symptoms above or other questions, consult your doctor. Because the body of each person is different.

In addition, the swollen part of the gland may be located deep in your body so that it is invisible and cannot be touched under the skin.

Therefore, always discuss with your doctor to handle your health condition.

Causes