Lyme Disease: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment

Lyme Disease: Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment

Definition


Lyme disease is an infection caused by the bacterium genus Borrelia sp which is transmitted through tick bites. This condition can infect and disrupt various organ systems of the body. Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria are the cause of Lyme disease in Indonesia.

Treatment that is done effectively and as soon as possible will guarantee a faster recovery process. If left unchecked, the symptoms of Lyme disease will develop more severe and prolonged.

Symptoms


Lyme disease has a variety of symptoms that occur gradually. The following is the division of symptoms of Lyme disease based on the stage or level of disease progression:

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Stage 1

Lyme disease stage 1 is characterized by the appearance of a rash shaped like an image of an archery target. This rash is a sign that bacteria breed in blood vessels. The generally formed rash pattern is redness in the area of ​​flea bite, surrounded by normal skin area and surrounded by reddish areas on the outside. This type of rash is known as erythema migrans. Although erythema migrans is typical for Lyme disease, in some cases, this rash may not appear. An erythema migraine rash usually occurs about 1-2 weeks after the person is bitten by a tick.

Stage 2

Stage 2 Lyme disease usually occurs a few weeks after being bitten by fleas. In stage 2, Borrelia bacteria has spread throughout the body which is characterized by flu-like symptoms. Stage 2 Lyme disease can also cause complications such as meningitis, neurological disorders, or heart disease. Symptoms that mark stage 2 Lyme disease include:

  • Fever.
  • Shivering.
  • Headache.
  • Muscle ache.
  • Enlarged lymph nodes.
  • Fatigue.
  • Sore throat.
  • Visual impairment.
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Stage 3

Stage 3 Lyme disease usually occurs if the patient is not treated at stage 1 or 2. This stage can occur several weeks, months, or even years after tick bites. Symptoms of stage 3 Lyme disease include:

  • Arthritis in one or more joints, especially large joints such as the knee.
  • Numbness of the limbs and arms.
  • Arrhythmia.
  • Short-term memory disorders.
  • Mental disorders.
  • Difficult to communicate with.
  • Severe headaches.
  • Difficult to concentrate.
  • Encephalopathy.

Causes