Hyperglycemia: Definition, Symptoms, Treatment



What is Hyperglycemia?

High blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) affect people who have diabetes. Several factors can contribute to hyperglycemia in people with diabetes, including food and physical activity choices, diseases, non-diabetic drugs, passing or not drinking enough glucose-lowering drugs.

It is very important to treat hyperglycemia, because if left untreated, hyperglycemia can become severe and cause serious complications that require emergency treatment, such as diabetic coma. In the long run, hyperglycemia left, even if not severe, can cause complications that affect the eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart.


Hyperglycemia can be caused by various things, but the most common is diabetes mellitus. In diabetes mellitus, sugar accumulates in the blood because it fails to enter the cell. These failures occur due to hormones that help the entry of blood sugar, namely the insulin hormone, the amount is lacking or deformed. Insulin hormone is produced by the pancreas.

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In addition to diabetes mellitus, blood sugar can also increase in the following circumstances:

  • Pancreatic disorders, such as pancreatic inflammation or cancer;
  • Psychological stress, for example due to family, household, work conflicts, etc;
  • Severe diseases such as heart attack, stroke, accident, cancer, etc .;
  • Certain drugs such as prednisone, estrogen, beta inhibitors, glucagon, contraceptive pills, phenothiazines, and others.

Besides those mentioned above, there are still many conditions that can cause an increase in blood sugar levels.

Signs And Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia are as follows:

High blood glucose
High levels of sugar in the urine
Frequent urination
Easy to thirst
Part of managing diabetes is routine blood glucose testing. Ask your doctor how often you should check and what your blood glucose level should be.

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Blood tests and early treatment of high blood glucose will help you avoid problems associated with hyperglycemia.