Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis): Symptoms, Causes, Treatment


Eczema is a chronic itchy skin disorder, commonly found, characterized by dry skin, inflammation and exudation, recurrence. Abnormalities are usually familial, with a history of atopy in themselves or their families. Atopy is a disorder with a genetic basis characterized by an individual’s tendency to form antibodies in the form of specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) when dealing with common allergens, as well as a tendency to get asthma, allergic rhinitis and AD, as well as some forms of urticaria.

In everyday life, eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic inflammation of the upper layer of the skin that causes itching, often occurs in patients with allergic rhinitis or people with asthma and in people whose family members have allergic rhinitis or asthma.

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Eczema is an inflammation of the skin layer, both in the epidermis and dermis. As is known, the skin consists of three layers, layer of warmth (epidermis), dermis, and subcutaneous tissue. The epidermis as the top layer is formed at 5-6 weeks of gestation. At least, about 28 days the skin will change with new skin. In addition, there are pigment cells that protect the body from the effects of sunlight.


Symptoms of eczema, among others, reddish skin, dry skin, wet, or thick and scaly. Usually new eczema is slightly redder, slightly wet, with swelling. While in the chronic or long, thicker, scaly, dry, and slightly blackish color.

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Eczema due to the precipitating factor of the environment is allergens which can cause allergic reactions in the body, so the skin becomes itchy and eczema arises. Another factor that facilitates eczema is the nature of the skin, which is dry skin. The use of soap with high alkaline content, too often in an air-conditioned room with a temperature below 18 ° Celsius, wearing wool clothes, can trigger recurrence of eczema.